What is Januvia?
Januvia (sitagliptin) is an oral diabetes medicine used in the management of type-2 diabetes (non-insulin-dependent diabetes).
What is Januvia used for?
Januvia is used to control high blood sugar in patients with type 2 diabetes. This helps in preventing kidney damage, blindness, loss of limbs, nerve problems and sexual disorders. It may also reduce the risk of a heart attack or stroke.
Do not use this medicine for treating type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes.
How does Januvia work?
Januvia works by increasing levels of natural substances called incretins, in the body. Incretins help control blood sugar by regulating the levels of insulin after a meal. They also reduce the amount of sugar produced by the liver.
How to use Januvia
Januvia should be taken in the manner prescribed by the doctor. Taking it for longer periods or in larger/smaller amounts than recommended can cause health problems.
The drug is usually taken once daily. It can be taken with or without food. Remember to take the medicine at the same time each day.
Follow the diet schedule given to you by your doctor. Get your blood and kidney function tested on a regular basis.
Januvia warnings and precautions
Do not take Januvia if you are allergic to the medicine or if you are in a state of diabetic ketoacidosis. Prior to taking the medicine, tell your doctor if you have a history of pancreatitis, kidney disease, or if you are on dialysis. You may need a dose adjustment.
Januvia is not to be administered to a child below the age of 18 years, without a doctor’s advice.
Although this medicine is not expected to cause harm to an unborn baby, pregnant women should consult their doctors before starting to take this medication. If you plan to become pregnant or if you become pregnant during treatment, inform your doctor. It is not known if the drug passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Therefore, lactating women should seek the permission of their doctors before taking this drug.
What do I do if I have missed a Januvia dose?
If you have missed your Januvia dose you can take the missed dose as soon as you remember but do not take it if it is time for your next (scheduled) dose.
What do I do if I have taken a Januvia overdose?
If you have taken a Januvia overdose you should seek emergency medical attention.
Before taking Januvia, consult your doctor if you are taking digoxin (Lanoxin, Lanoxicaps).
You might get hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) if you use Januvia with other drugs that lower blood sugar. A list of these drugs include sulfa drugs (Bactrim), a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), aspirin or other salicylates (including Pepto-Bismol), beta-blockers (Tenormin) or probenecid (Benemid).
Tell your doctor about all prescription and non prescription drugs that you use. Also, do not start taking any new medicine without consulting your doctor.
Januvia side effects
Januvia side effects include hives, breathing trouble, fever, headache, sore throat, pancreatitis, nausea, vomiting, fast heart rate, loss of appetite, pain in stomach and back, peeling skin, red skin rash; swelling of face, tongue, lips or throat, and other allergic reactions. If you get any of these side effects after using Januvia, stop taking the medicine and contact your doctor.
Mild nausea, diarrhea, headache, stomach pain, stuffy or runny nose are some less serious side effects of Januvia.
The content above has been supplied by a third party who is contracted to, and also independent from, this web site. This web site cannot guarantee the accuracy, reliability or medical efficacy of the content provided. It is suggested that you always seek the advice of a health professional for treatment, drug or medical condition advice.